Fluoride: Myths and Facts


In 1945, Grand Rapids, MI, became the first community in the world to add fluoride to the municipal water supply in order to help prevent tooth decay. When subsequent studies showed a significantly lower rate of cavities in schoolchildren, water fluoridation spread to other towns and cities — including Chicago. The


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

(CDC) considers fluoridation of water one of the greatest achievements in public health in the 20th century.



The CDC provides this


succinct explanation

of fluoride’s effectiveness:


“Fluoride works by stopping or even reversing the tooth decay process — it keeps tooth enamel strong and solid. Certain bacteria in the mouth cause tooth decay. When a person eats sugar and other refined carbohydrates, these bacteria produce acid that removes minerals from the surface of the tooth. Fluoride helps to remineralize tooth surfaces and prevents cavities from forming.”


Although the benefits of fluoride in cavity prevention are well-established, the need for (and safety of) its addition to drinking water remains a subject of debate. Because we at


24/7 Local Dentist

believe that well-informed people are better able to make good decisions about their dental and overall health, we present the following myths and facts regarding fluoride.


Fluoride is Not Naturally Present in Water


Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally and is released from rocks into the soil, water and air.


Almost all water contains some fluoride

, but usually not enough to prevent tooth decay. The


American Dental Association

(ADA) recommends community fluoridation to achieve the level necessary to do so. Its guidelines are available at



. The city of Chicago fluoridates its water to approximately 1.0ppm within the guidelines of the ADA (0.7ppm to 1.2ppm).


All Fluoride is the Same


Fluoride is typically used as a generic term, although the facts are more complex. There are three types of fluoride additives typically used in municipal water supplies. The CDC provides the


following breakdown



To complicate matters, oral hygiene products such as toothpaste contain one of two fluoride compounds: stannous fluoride and sodium fluoride. Stannous fluoride is an antibacterial agent that’s clinically proven to protect against gingivitis, plaque and tooth sensitivity, while still protecting against cavities. Sodium fluoride protects against cavities, but doesn’t provide protection from these other conditions.


Fluoride can also be prescribed as a liquid, tablet or chewable tablet for children and adults in areas that do not have fluoridated water. As our blog post — “


What to Look for in a Toothpaste

” — covers, your dentist may recommend a fluoride toothpaste that’s available by prescription only. Prescription fluoride toothpaste contains a higher concentration of fluoride (5000 parts per million) than over-the-counter brands, which is the maximum strength. It’s typically prescribed for patients whose teeth are especially susceptible to cavities — as in the case of weak enamel due to


being prescribed tetracycline

in childhood — or after periodontal surgery that


exposes the roots of the teeth



Fluoridated Water Isn’t Necessary Because Most Toothpastes Contain Fluoride


Although fluoride toothpaste is very effective in preventing tooth decay, fluoridated water provides extra protection. According to


Campaign for Dental Health

— a program of the


American Academy of Pediatrics

— the benefits of water fluoridation build on those from


fluoride toothpaste

. Fluoride toothpaste alone is not enough, which is why pediatricians and dentists often prescribe fluoride tablets to children living in non-fluoridated areas.


Fluoridated Water Does Not Have an Impact on Tooth Decay


Numerous studies conducted over the years have shown that fluoridation reduces tooth decay.


Campaign for Dental Health

provides the following:


Fluoride is Harmful to Children


In fact, getting enough fluoride in childhood is critical to strengthening teeth over an entire lifetime. Children need fluoride to strengthen their developing and emerging teeth — which include primary (baby) teeth. The use of fluoride to prevent and control cavities is documented to be both safe and effective. According to



Campaign for Dental Health

, a 2010 study confirmed that the fluoridated water consumed as a young child makes the loss of teeth due to decay less likely 40 or 50 years later.



When it comes to brushing with a toothpaste containing fluoride, the ADA’s guideline for


children under three years of age

is to brush using a “smear” of fluoride-containing toothpaste, no larger than the size of a grain of rice. Parents should brush their child’s teeth twice a day, once in the morning and once at night. When your child turns three, the ADA recommends that you continue brushing your child’s teeth twice a day, but with a slightly larger portion of fluoride toothpaste, the size of a pea.


Drinking Fluoridated Water Can Cause Fluorosis


Fluorosis is a condition characterized by staining, pitting, and/or surface irregularities of tooth enamel caused by overexposure to fluoride during the first eight years of life. This is the time when most permanent teeth are being formed. The concentration of fluoride added to the drinking water supply is very unlikely to lead to fluorosis. However, this is why it is important to follow the



on the appropriate amount of toothpaste to use for children, to supervise children when brushing, and to teach them not to swallow, but to spit when finished.


Drinking Fluoridated Water Causes Cancer


According to the


American Cancer Society

, the US Public Health Service issued a report on the benefits and risks of fluoride in 1991. When looking at a possible link with cancer, they first reviewed the results of studies done with lab animals. They concluded that the few studies available “fail[ed] to establish an association between fluoride and cancer.” They also looked at population-based studies, including a large study conducted by the National Cancer Institute. They concluded: “Optimal fluoridation of drinking water does not pose a detectable cancer risk to humans as evidenced by extensive human epidemiological data available to date, including the new studies prepared for this report.”


European Countries Do Not Allow Fluoridation of Their Municipal Water Supplies

European countries do have water fluoridation systems in place. Fluoridated water reaches 12 million Europeans, mostly in Great Britain, Ireland, and Spain. At least 70 million Europeans consume fluoridated salt — which is used to reach most of the population in Germany and Switzerland. These two countries have the lowest rates of tooth decay in Europe.

Ask Your Dentist — Your Trusted Partner in Oral Health

The internet can be a valuable source of information on numerous topics, but credible sources dealing with oral health — or general health — can sometimes be difficult to separate from unreliable sources based on “junk science.”


When you have questions about the safety or effectiveness of any matter relating to oral health, the best person to ask is


your dentist

. Our team of experienced, dedicated dental professionals will help address your oral health concerns, and determine the best solution for you based on your individual situation. We strive to identify treatment options that fit your needs.



We understand that the main concern you may have is cost, which is why we accept all major PPO plans for dental insurance and also offer our in-house dental plan. Please see our


financing page

for more information.


Fume Extra Disposable Flavors

You can order Fume EXTRA anytime from Monday to Friday and get it delivered to your doorstep in three to four business days. If you have chosen the express shipping option, the order will arrive the following day. Orders placed after 4 P.M. will be processed the following day. Please note that orders are not processed on weekends and holidays. There is a minimum order quantity of 250 PCS per flavor. For more information, please visit the official website of Fume EXTRA.

Infinity Strawberry Banana

Fume Infinity Strawberry Banana is a mouthwatering disposable e-liquid that combines two fruity flavors to create the ultimate e-juice experience. Known also as Strawnana, this vape juice has a sweet, creamy flavor that will make your vaping experience a pleasant and delicious one. Featuring a 12ml capacity and an innovative design, the Fume Infinity provides the ultimate fruity experience and will last you more than three hundred puffs.

With a salt-based nicotine base, this flavor is both refreshing and satisfying. It is made with peaches from Georgia’s finest orchards and combines a smooth taste with a cool, crisp finish. While the flavor is delicious and refreshing, it does contain nicotine, which is addictive. That’s why Fume suggests not vaping while pregnant. However, if you’re looking to quit smoking, Infinity Strawberry Banana is the perfect choice.

Infinity Peach Iced

Infinity Peach Iced by Fume is a refreshing treat with a cool, crisp finish. With the right combination of nicotine, menthol, and natural and artificial flavors, this vape juice is a great choice for a fruit lover. The flavor is refreshing and made from fruit that grows in Georgia’s orchards. If you’re looking for a fruity vape that will last you for a long time, try this flavor.

The Infinity Peach Iced vaporizer comes in many delicious flavors, such as strawberry banana, and rainbow candy. Strawberry banana is a favorite and delivers a delicious, smooth puff. Blue razz is a delicious mix of blueberries and raspberries. Other flavors include banana ice, blueberry mint, cotton candy, grape, and lush ice. This is one of the best fruity vaporizers on the market.

Infinity Gummy Bear

The Fume Extra Vape Infinity Gummy bear is a disposable vaporizer that comes in 12 flavors. The delicious flavors include Strawberry, Cream, Vanilla, and Blue Raspberry. These flavors are sure to satisfy any candy craving. This is one of the most popular flavors from the Fume EXTRA and ULTRA line. The Fume Gummy Bear comes in a handy gummy bear that fits perfectly in your hand.

The fume extra vape infinity comes in several fruity flavors. Strawberry banana is a delicious combination of sweet and sour. Blue razz is a mix of raspberries and blueberries. Other flavors include banana ice, blueberry mint, cotton candy, grape, and lush ice. Aside from the fruity flavors, the Fume Infinity also comes in a range of nicotine levels.

Infinity Purple Rain

If you’ve been craving a delicious tropical fruit flavor, try the Fume Infinity Tropical Fruit. This mouthwatering fruit vape has a hint of coconut and tangy pineapple. The flavor is balanced with a hint of milkiness and a touch of vanilla cream. Fume Extra Vape Infinity Purple Rain is also available in a disposable version. Try it today! This juice is a great way to satisfy cravings for a tropical treat, without the extra sugar.

The flavor of Fume Infinity Purple Rain is considered their most unique. The mouthwatering flavor combines sweet raspberries and blueberries with a cool ice-cream-like flavor. This e-liquid can last up to three thousand puffs. To use this flavor, you simply remove the rubber stopper from the top sticker. Once the stopper has been removed, you can enjoy the full flavor of Fume’s delicious fruit vapes.

Is Mouthwash Necessary?

A clean taste in your mouth, fresh breath and an extra defense against the bacteria that cause plaque buildup and gum disease are among the main benefits that mouthwash delivers. But is it really a necessary part of your daily oral hygiene routine, or do you just believe it is thanks to successful marketing by the major brands? The cut-to-the-chase answer is yes — mouthwash does have a place in promoting oral health! However, its role isn’t as straightforward as you may think. There’s actually a good deal to learn about mouthwash, so keep reading!

What Mouthwash Really Does


Mouthwash — also called mouth rinse or oral rinse — reaches areas of your mouth that a toothbrush alone can’t. According to


Mouth Healthy

— an oral health information website presented by the


American Dental Association

(ADA) — it can provide the following benefits when used on a regular basis:


What mouthwash can’t do is replace brushing. The friction and motion of brushing and flossing are what help to remove bacteria, plaque, food debris and acid from the surface of your teeth. Mouthwash is most effective as a reinforcement when incorporated into your morning and evening oral care routine.

What Type of Mouthwash is Right for You?

Faced with a wide array of mouthwash brands and specialized formulas on the shelves of the supermarket or drugstore, it’s easy to feel overwhelmed. How do you choose, and how do you know if you’re making the right choice? Breaking it down step-by-step can help lead you to an informed decision.


First, there are two main categories of mouthwash:


cosmetic and therapeutic

. Cosmetic mouthwashes temporarily control or reduce bad breath and leave your mouth with a pleasant taste, but don’t reduce your risk of cavities or gum disease. Therapeutic mouthwashes have active ingredients that kill bacteria and can help reduce plaque, gingivitis, cavities and bad breath. Those that contain fluoride help prevent or reduce tooth decay. Some therapeutic mouthwashes require a prescription, but many are available over-the-counter. When selecting an over-the-counter mouthwash, look for products that carry the


American Dental Association Seal of Acceptance

, which means that they have been tested and shown to be safe and effective.


Beyond these basic categories are a variety of formulations to address specific issues, such as gum disease, cavity prevention, tartar prevention, tooth sensitivity and whitening. While the oral health benefits of each formulation is clearly stated on the label, reading the list of ingredients will also help you identify what the mouthwash is intended to do. Look for the following:



A note for those in alcohol recovery:

Numerous brands of mouthwash contain a high percentage of alcohol,


increasing the risk of a relapse

if used. Most major brands have an alcohol-free option available, which provides the same benefits as standard mouthwash products.


Mouthwash Still Stops Bad Breath, Right?


For most people, eliminating bad breath is the main reason for using mouthwash. Much as using deodorant, it’s considered essential to good general hygiene. In fact, did you know that


mouthwash can be used as an emergency deodorant

? Needless to say, the reverse doesn’t hold true! But mouthwash isn’t effective against halitosis — the clinical term for chronic bad breath. As


Mouth Healthy

explains, “Unlike ‘morning breath’ or a strong smell that lingers after a tuna sandwich, halitosis remains for an extended amount of time and may be a sign of something more serious.” Our blog post — “


What is Halitosis? Getting to the Bottom of Bad Breath

” — covers this condition in greater detail.


Halitosis can have one of the following causes:


If your bad breath persists despite regular use of mouthwash, schedule an appointment with


your dentist

to check for an underlying cause. Should a dental examination be inconclusive, schedule an appointment with your doctor. The sooner a medical condition is diagnosed, the sooner you’ll receive appropriate treatment.


When and How to Use Mouthwash


While this may seem straightforward, there is some debate as to when you should use mouthwash during your morning and evening brushing routine. Some sources recommend waiting 30 minutes after brushing to rinse with mouthwash so as not to wash away the fluoride in the toothpaste. Our blog post — “


What to Look For In a Toothpaste

” — covers fluoride toothpastes in greater detail. However, there are mouthwashes that contain fluoride, so the wait may not be necessary. Also, a half-hour wait isn’t practical for many people — either in the morning while rushing to get ready for work or a busy day of errands, or before bedtime.




Mayo Clinic

recommends using mouthwash after brushing and flossing your teeth. On the other hand, the ADA states that it’s a matter of


personal preference

whether you rinse with mouthwash before or after brushing — while acknowledging that you should follow label instructions, which may have a specific order for use, depending upon the product’s ingredients.




Vivid Smiles

of Terre Haute, IN, recommends using mouthwash at lunch or after other meals and snacks when brushing isn’t possible. A quick rinse with mouthwash will help kill bacteria and remove food particles, preventing plaque and acid buildup in your mouth. Keep a small bottle at your office desk or workstation.


Whether at home or work, pour about four teaspoons of mouthwash into a cup. Do not dilute with water. Empty the cup into your mouth, and swish for a full 30 seconds. Finish by gargling, then spit out in the sink.


Mouthwash is not recommended for


children younger than six years of age

. They may accidentally swallow large amounts of the mouthwash, which can cause nausea, vomiting and intoxication (due to the alcohol content in some rinses). Check the label and follow specific precautions, instructions and age recommendations.


So is Mouthwash Really Necessary?

There are dentists who say that mouthwash is not strictly necessary if you brush your teeth well twice a day and floss daily. However, most dentists highly recommend adding mouthwash to your morning and evening routine. As mouthwash does play an important role in reducing the bacteria that’s the source of most oral health issues, it should be part of your life!


To be sure you select the mouthwash formula that best addresses your oral health needs and goals,


ask your dentist

! As your trusted partner in oral health, your dentist will know if you can benefit from a mouthwash formulated to fight plaque, help prevent cavities or be gentle to sensitive teeth.


Our team of experienced, dedicated dental professionals will help address your oral health concerns, and determine the best solution for you based upon your individual situation. We strive to identify treatment options that fit your needs.


We understand that the main concern you may have is cost, which is why we accept all major PPO plans for dental insurance and also offer our in-house dental plan. Please see our


financing page

for more information.




24/7 Local Dentist

, it is our mission to provide the highest quality and most compassionate oral care to our Chicago patients, including both dental and


periodontal services

. Our practice is trusted for advanced oral surgery procedures and comfortable root canal treatment.



Our dental specialists include our general dentist,


Dr. Nilofer Khan

, our endodontist,


Dr. Sabek

, and our periodontist,


Dr. Amir Danesh

. Dr. Danesh is a board-certified periodontist and Diplomat of the


American Board of Periodontology

. He has contributed to the publication of two books, as well as published over 20 papers in prestigious dental research journals.



We serve the





Logan Square

, Bucktown, Humboldt Park, and Wicker Park with the dedication that’s earned us the reputation as the

Best Dentist in Chicago!


How to Choose a Dentist


Choosing a healthcare provider is an important decision. Finding a professional worthy of your trust to treat and prevent illness — perhaps not only for yourself but also for your family — is a task to take seriously, rather than left to chance. Our team at


24/7 Local Dentist

always emphasizes that dental health is part of overall health. For this reason, we offer the following advice on choosing a dentist — from researching professional credentials to questions to ask during the consultation, and what you need to look for when you visit the office. We’ll also cover “red flags” that indicate the practice you’re considering may not be right for you.


Why Your Choice of Dentist is Important


Your dentist should be more than someone you see twice a year for a cleaning and oral exam or visit when you have a toothache. A good dentist will be your partner in helping you achieve and maintain optimum oral health by recognizing and treating conditions — such as


periodontal disease

— in their early stages, as well as recommending a regular oral health routine for you to follow at home, based upon your individual situation.




Dr. Cathy Taylor-Osborne — director of the Kansas Department of Health and Environment’s Bureau of Oral Health —


writes the following




— an oral health information website presented by the


American Dental Association




“Your dental health is such a vital part of your overall health, so it’s important for every patient to have a dental home. That means there is always someone looking out for the best interest of you and your family.” In this way, having a dental home allows you to feel comfortable when you’re dropping in for a regular visit and provides you with a safe, trusted place to turn for a procedure or dental emergency. Our blog post — “


How to Prepare for a Dental Emergency

” — highlights the advantage of having a regular dentist to call to receive care as soon as possible.



If you are also seeking a dentist for your child, you may want to find one whose practice includes pediatric (child) dentistry. This is a specialty area for many reasons, and not every dental practice is conducive to treating children.


24/7 Local Dentist provides comprehensive pediatric dentistry

, giving your child the very best start for a lifetime of excellent oral health in a calming, supportive environment. Most dental practices do not offer specific pediatric treatment. While such a practice can offer high-quality, conscientious treatment for adults, you most likely will need to look elsewhere for a pediatric dentist.


Factors to Consider When Looking for a Dentist


Looking for a new dentist isn’t something you do on a regular basis, so knowing what you need to take into consideration will give you the ability to make a good choice. The following tips are courtesy of






, and






Research credentials —

Board certification is one of the most important factors when choosing a dentist. It tells you that the dentist has the necessary training, skills, and experience to provide healthcare in general dentistry. Also, confirm that the dentist has no history of malpractice claims or disciplinary actions. You can find the dentist’s medical school, training hospital, certifications, and malpractice and disciplinary history on



and state websites.



Look for ADA membership

Dentists who are ADA members have agreed to follow the


ADA Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct

and made a professional promise to put your health and well-being first. The ADA’s free online



tool allows you to search by name, location, and specialty for member dentists.



Read patient reviews —

Reading what other people have to say about a dentist can provide insight into how a dentist practices general dentistry, as well as how his or her dental practice is operated.


Patient reviews

typically reflect people’s experience with scheduling appointments, wait times, office environment, and office staff friendliness. You can learn how well patients trust the dentist, how much time he or she spends with their patients, and how well he or she answers questions.



Visit their website and social media accounts

A dental practice’s



provides valuable information about services, specialties, and other pertinent facts. For example, you may learn that a dentist is good at putting anxious patients at ease. Active


social media accounts

indicate that the practice values engaging with patients by sharing news and photos of office activities.


If you have dental insurance, know what your plan covers

You chose dental insurance to save money. To receive the most benefits and pay the least out-of-pocket for your care, you may need to choose a dentist who participates in your plan. You should still consider credentials, experience, outcomes, and the quality of the office as you select an in-network dentist.

Schedule a consultation

Schedule a consultation time to meet with the dentist and staff before making an appointment. Compile a list of questions and bring your records so the dentist can look at your dental history if you want to ask something specific. You’ll also be able to see if the office is welcoming, comfortable, and neat.

A few questions you might want to ask include:

Look around the office and ask about their technology —

The overall impression you get should be of a clean, well-ordered environment. Most offices have intraoral cameras to show you what’s going on in your mouth and digital X-ray equipment. The office should be computerized, instead of using paper charts. We’re getting a little ahead of ourselves here, but old equipment, shabby waiting room furniture, and a general disorganized vibe are signs that you need to continue your search.

Ask what will happen at your new patient appointment —

There should be time to talk to the dentist and staff to understand or establish your oral health goals. An office that offers this opportunity is dedicated to providing comprehensive care.

How Not to Choose a Dentist – And Red Flags to Watch Out For

Convenient location —

Your time is valuable, but so is your oral health. The dentist who is closest to your home or office isn’t necessarily the best for you. If, after you’ve done your research and due diligence that turns out to be the case, great! Otherwise, you could be trading the skilled, competent care you need for convenience.

The cost factor

Budgets are real, and most people economize wherever and whenever possible. But looking for a bargain in a dentist can not only negatively impact your oral health, but it can also ultimately wind up costing you extra.


As Amanda Hill, BSDH, RDH


states for DentistryIQ

, “Selecting someone who doesn’t have the expertise you need or someone who only treats issues when they’re true problems — as opposed to looking for the why behind all the cavities you keep getting or the receding gums that cause sensitivity — could, in the long run, cost you time and teeth.


“Often the least expensive dentistry isn’t the most comprehensive; for example, you might have a rather large cavity in a tooth, and while you could put a big filling in it for less money, down the road, that tooth could crack, need a root canal, or worse yet, need to be pulled and an implant placed. So, for the price of an excellent-fitting crown the first time, you could have saved thousands of dollars.”

Because a friend tells you their dentist is “nice” —

While rapport is crucial in any relationship with a healthcare provider, “nice” doesn’t always correlate to the quality of care you’ll receive.

“You can ask to see examples of their dentistry; look at before and after pictures and X-rays of recent crowns they have done,” says Hill. “How does their dentistry look to you? Does it look natural or like bright white Chiclets? When you look at an X-ray there shouldn’t be dark spots or ledges around crowns. Ask them to explain what you’re looking at and why they’re exceptional at what they do.”

Watch out for the following

As previously mentioned, pay attention to the overall cleanliness and condition of the office. Worn-out furniture could indicate the practice doesn’t have enough patients to be able to afford better. Take note of the attitude of the front desk staff, dental assistants, etc. If they seem overly stressed, rude, or dismissive toward you, working conditions may not be good — or the dentist doesn’t care about the quality of the staff.

Look at the age and condition of equipment, such as the X-ray machine and the dental chair. The dental chair is part of the dental unit, which consists of specific parts that also include the dental chair, stool, lighting, hydric box, aspiration, cuspidor, and other elements. All imaging equipment and the dental unit should be up-to-date and functioning efficiently. If they aren’t, continue your search.

How does the dentist impress you? If he/she doesn’t answer your questions to your satisfaction — or doesn’t want to answer them at all — seems dismissive of your concerns, etc., this particular dentist might not be right for you, even if the reviews you’ve read are mostly positive. Also, note how he/she speaks to the dental assistant and other staff members. Does the dentist treat them in a professional manner, or seem angry, impatient, or annoyed? Your dentist doesn’t have to be your best buddy, but you do need to have a good doctor-patient relationship based on respect. If you don’t feel you get that during the consultation, keep looking.

Last, but certainly not least, you should


feel that you are being pressured to consent to extensive, expensive treatment. This can be a situation in practices that heavily promote cosmetic dentistry. After a consultation and recommendation for crowns or veneers, the patient may be led to a room by someone other than the dentist and given a form to sign consenting to the recommended work — which may cost several thousands of dollars. You need to take the time to consider the proposed treatment, your budget, and your payment plan. Do not sign


form or document before you are comfortable with your decision. If you feel pressured to do so, leave, and find another dentist.

The Take-Home Message

Whether you need to find a new dentist because you’ve just moved, your current dentist is retiring or relocating, or you’re not satisfied with the treatment you’ve been receiving, the process can be less stressful if you know how to go about it. We hope we’ve provided a helpful guide on your journey to connecting with a dentist who will be your trusted partner in caring for your oral health!

Our team of experienced, dedicated dental professionals will help address your oral health concerns, and determine the best solution for you based on your individual situation. We strive to identify treatment options that fit your needs.


We understand that the main concern you may have is cost, which is why we accept all major PPO plans for dental insurance and also offer our in-house dental plan. Please see our


financing page

for more information.




24/7 Local Dentist

, it is our mission to provide the highest quality and most compassionate oral care to our Chicago patients, including both dental and


periodontal services

. Our practice is trusted for advanced oral surgery procedures and comfortable root canal treatment.



Our dental specialists include our general dentist,


Dr. Nilofer Khan

, our endodontist,


Dr. Sabek

, and our periodontist,


Dr. Amir Danesh

. Dr. Danesh is a board-ceratified periodontist and Diplomat of the


American Board of Periodontology

. He has contributed to the publication of two books, as well as published over 20 papers in prestigious dental research journals.


What is a Smile Makeover and is it Right for You?

Having a beautiful smile is a powerful boost to self-confidence — and can open doors in many aspects of your life! But the bright, perfect “movie star” smile that’s so desirable can’t always be achieved by best oral health practices alone. Fortunately, a smile makeover is designed to give you what nature didn’t — or what poor restorations and/or other adverse dental conditions took away. If you’re considering your options to achieve a smile you can be proud of, a smile makeover could be the solution!

What is a Smile Makeover?

As the name implies, a smile makeover involves a combination of cosmetic dental procedures and treatments to correct multiple aesthetic flaws that affect your smile. Teeth that are broken, gapped, uneven, chipped, short, worn-down, misshapen — or have minor misalignments or permanent staining — can achieve a look that is aesthetically balanced, with a brighter, whiter color that complements your skin tone. Correcting a “gummy” smile also can be part of this process.

Depending on your oral structure and aesthetic goals, your smile makeover could involve the following:


Veneers –

Comprised of thin, wafer-like porcelain shells that are custom-shaped and bonded to the front surface of teeth to enhance their appearance and correct noticeable flaws, veneers are one of the most popular treatments in cosmetics dentistry. Teeth are prepared by removing a layer of enamel, which allows the veneer to fit securely over the tooth and create a strong bond. We invite you to read our blog posts — “


What are Veneers?

” and “


Are Veneers Right for You?

” — to learn more.



In addition to traditional





24/7 Local Dentist Dental

is proud to offer the



brand, which is designed to be ultra-thin and eliminates the need to remove tooth enamel.



Composite bonding

— This can be an option for those with insufficient enamel for veneers. A composite resin is sculpted, shaped, polished, and adhered to the front of the teeth. However, bonding is not stain-resistant and is not as natural-appearing as porcelain veneers. Our blog post — “


Is Composite Bonding Right for You?

” — covers this procedure in greater detail.




— Unlike veneers, a



covers the entire tooth down to the gumline. This requires the tooth to be significantly ground down, meaning that it can never again be without a crown. However, crowns may be the recommended solution — especially for those with damaged teeth — as they have the appearance of strong, healthy teeth and can last for 10 to 15 years with proper care.


Dental implants

— This is an important element of a smile makeover for those with a missing tooth for whom a bridge may not be an option. The prosthesis (tooth restoration) element of the implant will be fashioned to complement the other tooth restorations in shape, alignment, and color so it seamlessly matches and works harmoniously to create a complete aesthetic result.


Gum recontouring

— This procedure is performed to correct a gummy smile, which is caused by an excess of gum tissue covering the teeth. Our blog post — “


What is Gum Lengthening?

” — covers this topic in detail.



Teeth whitening

— This is an option for those who are generally pleased with the appearance of their teeth, but want to remove stains and brighten the color. Although many over-the-counter whitening kits are available, a


dental practice

will safely provide the best possible result — either with an in-office treatment or a take-home custom tray and whitening gel. We are proud to offer the






brands of teeth whitening treatments.



As you may now be realizing, a smile makeover requires the dentist to have a strong sense of aesthetics as well as technical skills. There is no one-size-fits-all, cookie-cutter approach. Each makeover is individually designed according to the patient’s oral structure, facial structure, and shape — as well as other considerations.


Consumer Guide to Dentistry

provides the


following elements

that go into planning a smile makeover:


Tooth length

— Long teeth lend a youthful appearance. Aging produces wear and tear that often results in shorter teeth, and a gummy smile also can make teeth appear shorter. A treatment for shorter teeth may include reshaping and lengthening the two front central teeth with composite bonding or porcelain veneers. If you have a gummy smile, your cosmetic dentist may provide treatment to modify the gum line and lengthen the appearance of the teeth using laser dentistry procedures. You may also be referred to a periodontist for crown lengthening if necessary.

Teeth lengthening may also impact your overall facial appearance. For example, shapely, long, square teeth on a round-faced individual can provide a slimming effect.

Smile line

— The smile line is an imaginary line that follows the edges of your upper teeth from side to side, which ideally should be the same as the curve of your lower lip when you smile. This standard point of reference may be used to help determine how long your new teeth should be.

Tooth proportions

— Your cosmetic dentist will examine your teeth to determine if they are in correct proportion with each other. Most people recognize a pleasing smile as one in which the two central front teeth are dominant and have a width-to-length ratio of 4-to-5. This proportion guides the length and width of other teeth in the aesthetic zone so that the smile line appears balanced.

Tooth texture and characterization

— An artistic dentist can characterize your crowns or veneers to create a more feminine or a more masculine appearance, in addition to matching the look and feel of natural teeth.

How is a Smile Makeover Different from Full-Mouth Reconstruction?


Although there are similarities, full-mouth reconstruction is more intensive than a smile makeover. According to


The Smile Centre

, “While smile makeovers encompass a wide range of cosmetic dental procedures to improve the appearance of your smile, a full mouth reconstruction may include a smile makeover in addition to procedures that deal with jaw alignment and dental health issues. Full mouth reconstruction involves the combination of multiple restorative, neuromuscular and general dentistry dental procedures. The objective is to not only restore the aesthetic appearance of your smile but to also strengthen the structure and functionality of your teeth.


“Full mouth restorations are often crucial for a patient’s overall well-being due to the interconnected nature of oral health. For example, if you suffer from a chipped tooth, it can lead to problems with your bite. Bite issues can cause chewing difficulties, which in turn can lead to excess wear on other teeth. Misaligned bites are linked with a myriad of other issues, many of which are associated with problems such as headaches, jaw soreness, neck pain, and even poor posture.”


Depending upon your existing oral health conditions, treatment may be necessary before reconstruction procedures can begin.


Periodontal disease

or misaligned teeth that require


orthodontic treatment

will have to be addressed first.


How Long Should a Smile Makeover Last?


A smile makeover is an investment in yourself. According to


Dr. Micheal J. Wei, DDS

, “You want your investment to pay dividends, making you look younger, happier, and healthier. One of the worst situations a dental patient can experience is undergoing cosmetic or restorative dentistry, only to have those changes fail soon after.”


Dr. Wei provides the general lifespan of the following types of cosmetic dental restorations:


As with your overall oral health, you’ll get the most out of your smile makeover investment by regular visits to your dentist for an


examination and cleaning

— and maintain a consistent oral care regimen of brushing and flossing. Also, prevent damage to your teeth by wearing a mouthguard when playing sports or participating in physical recreational activities, as well as not chewing on hard food items (such as ice, hard candy, or popcorn kernels). Also, never use your teeth to tear things apart or open bottles! Scissors and bottle openers, respectively, are the appropriate tools. Being careless can damage restorations as well as teeth in their natural state.


The Take-Home Message

A smile makeover can boost your self-image and let you face the world with confidence! Choosing a dentist with the skill, experience, and artistic eye to create the perfect smile just for you is essential to achieving the best result.



24/7 Local Dentist

, it is our mission to provide the highest quality and most compassionate oral care to our Chicago patients, including both dental and


periodontal services

. Our practice is trusted for advanced oral surgery procedures and comfortable root canal treatment.


Our team of experienced, dedicated dental professionals will help address your oral health concerns, and determine the best solution for you based on your individual situation. We strive to identify treatment options that fit your needs.


Our dental specialists include our general dentist,


Dr. Nilofer Khan

, our endodontist,


Dr. Sabek

, and our periodontist,


Dr. Amir Danesh

. Dr. Danesh is a board-certified periodontist and Diplomat of the


American Board of Periodontology

. He has contributed to the publication of two books, as well as published over 20 papers in prestigious dental research journals.



We serve the





Logan Square

, Bucktown, Humboldt Park, and Wicker Park with the dedication that’s earned us the reputation as the

Best Dentist in Chicago!



We understand that the main concern you may have is cost, which is why we accept all major PPO plans for dental insurance and also offer our in-house dental plan. Please see our


financing page

for more information.


The 2 1/2″ Crystal Ornament Heart

The 2 1/2″ Crystal Ornament Heart is an exquisite piece for your Christmas Tree. Personalized to commemorate a milestone, this ornament commemorates the life of a loved one or the birth of a baby. It can also mark the start of new beginnings. This crystal ornament is made of durable and high-quality materials and is suitable for several figures. It is ideal for any kind of decoration, whether you are looking for a special gift for a significant other or a new beginning for you and your family.

This stunning crystal ornament has a heart shape and is crafted of quality K9 crystal. The beveled edges on the heart shape make it a perfect sun catcher for your Christmas tree. You can also gift this crystal ornament to your loved ones to celebrate birthdays, anniversaries, courtship, wedding anniversaries, or to mark a year of marriage. The crystal ornament is packaged in the signature Waterford box and cloth bag.

If you’re looking for the perfect gift for a special someone, consider a heart shaped 3D Crystal Ornament Keepsake. These ornaments are instantly heirloom-worthy, and you can personalize them with your loved one’s favorite photo. They can have up to two people engraved into the heart, creating a three-dimensional effect. They look fantastic on your Christmas tree or even on your table. Choose high-quality photos for this item.

What Does a Locksmith Empire OH Do?

A Locksmith’s job description varies depending on the type of locksmith service he or she provides. Generally, a locksmith works on emergency projects. These are typically a locksmith’s duties, including providing emergency roadside assistance, picking locks, or securing a home. There is also an opportunity to supervise the work of a subcontractor. In addition, a locksmith must be knowledgeable about HVAC systems. Finally, a locksmith must be able to estimate the cost of performing various Locksmith Empire OH services.

When it comes to security, locks are an essential part of home security. There are many types of locks available, including the traditional lock and key, keypads, and card-swipes. In addition to this, a locksmith can install electronic door locks. Some locksmiths even provide security services for businesses and other public buildings. This is an excellent way to ensure that everyone in a building has access to their properties. Locksmiths can help you choose the best security system for your needs.

A locksmith’s business structure should reflect the nature of the service they provide. For example, an auto locksmith business may have an unincorporated, sole proprietorship, or partnership structure. In either case, it’s important to create a legal business entity to protect your locksmithing business from lawsuits. You can hire a locksmith-specific LLC, or form one yourself. However, you should hire a registered agent to act as your legal representative. This person is responsible for the registration of the business in the state and federal governments.

A locksmith license is required to install, repair, and inspect locks. Locksmiths must also maintain certification. In Ireland, for example, licensing was introduced in 2016. Obtaining a Private Security Authority license is required to practice as a Locksmith in the country. In addition to requiring a license, fifteen states require locksmiths to be licensed. For instance, Nassau County in New York City has its own licensing law. But you do not need a degree in criminal justice to work as a Locksmith.

If you’re concerned about security, a locksmith may recommend a lock rekey. Rekeying requires some training and expertise, and may be an inexpensive and effective alternative to a full-on lock replacement. Likewise, an auto locksmith may recode the transponder in key fobs and mechanical keys. These devices are known as “key programmers” and are often integrated into sophisticated scan tools. A locksmith can provide you with a complete lock security system or make recommendations based on their expertise.

A locksmith will replace your old locks if you’ve moved house. You can also have them rekeyed or replaced if you’ve forgotten your passwords. This way, no one else will have access to your property. A locksmith will also assist you if you’ve lost your keys, or locked your keys inside your house or car. There are many other uses for a locksmith. You can hire them to replace your old locks or install electronic ones to improve your security.

Towing Madison WI

In case of an accident, Towing Madison WI will come to your rescue. Since Wisconsin has heavy snowfall and ice, it’s no wonder that many accidents occur. The towing industry will come to your rescue by getting you out of mud and snowbanks and can help you avoid further damage to your car. Whether you need a tow truck for a short distance or a long distance, there are a number of ways to contact a reputable and professional towing service.

Schmidt’s Auto Inc. is a reputable towing service that provides quick and reliable towing services. Located in Madison, Schmidt’s Auto Inc. has been providing reliable towing service for over 85 years. Their fleet of 30 trucks is fully equipped to handle any towing situation. They also specialize in automotive services and repair, and their experienced operators will arrive at your location quickly and efficiently. Towing Madison WI is included in most car insurance policies, so you’ll be glad to know that you’re covered in case of an accident.

If you’re looking for a reliable towing service, make sure they have 24 Hour emergency service. You never know when you’re going to be in an accident or slide-off. In either case, a towing service will be able to help you fix the problem right on the spot. They will even help you protect your engine from further damage by taking it to the nearest mechanic. It’s a great idea to have a few options ready when something like this happens.

How to Tell If Your Well Pump Needs a Well Pump Repair Service

If you’re experiencing low pressure in your well, you may need to contact a well pump repair service. Depending on the cause, low pressure may be caused by a minor plumbing leak, an internal blockage, or a pressure control switch. A pump repair service will repair any problem and prime the suction line as necessary. If the pump is beyond repair, the technician may suggest a new one. Regardless of the cause, a well pump repair service can provide peace of mind and restore your well’s functionality.

The average cost of well pump repairs varies from $200 to $1,200. Minor repairs may cost as little as $100, while full replacements can cost upwards of $2,400. While most professional well pump repair services charge by the job, they may require a $50 to $100 evaluation fee before beginning the repair work. Some types of well pump repair may be covered by homeowner’s insurance, so make sure to check with your policy before hiring a well pump repair service.

A good way to determine if your well pump is out of work is to check the circuit breaker. Sometimes a power surge or increased usage can trip the breaker. If the breaker trips, try turning the pump’s circuit breaker on and off until you get some water. If the pump doesn’t work, you may need to replace the tank. However, if the pump is still in good condition, it’s worth calling a well pump repair service. A new water tank will cost anywhere from $200 to $2,000 (and even more depending on the location).

The pressure switch is another part that could be out of sync. If the pressure switch is bad, it won’t allow the well pump to start. This is a common issue, and a well pump repair service can troubleshoot the problem. If you’re unsure of whether it’s the switch, you can test the switch by touching its electrical contacts with a jarring object. When all else fails, contact a well pump repair service immediately.

A well pump repair service should be able to quickly diagnose and fix problems based on the location and type of problem. It should be inspected regularly to detect any issues early. The sooner it’s repaired, the less money it will cost in the long run. If a small issue has occurred, a well pump repair service can fix it before a major issue arises. You can save money and time by using a well pump repair service that will provide an accurate quote.

Water from a private well is free, but it’s still important to make sure it’s in good working condition. Proper care of your well pump is critical for your well’s health. You should contact a well pump repair service in Olympia to make sure yours is working properly. When problems arise, you may need a new pump and the pump will be reconditioned. If you don’t, you could end up paying more for electricity. And water isn’t infinite.

The Professional Locksmith Chicago IL

The Professional Locksmith is a family-owned and operated business with a strong commitment to customer service. The company specializes in a variety of locksmith services, including lock installation, high-security locks, access control, safes, and video surveillance systems. In addition to offering residential and commercial locksmith services, The Professional Locksmith also offers car locksmith services. With more than ten years in the business, The Professional Locksmith has developed a reputable reputation as one of the leading Locksmith Chicago IL services.

Founded in 2004, Chicago Car Keys is a trusted auto locksmith company that offers mobile and onsite services to the greater Chicago area. Located at 4346 W. 51st Street, Chicago Car Keys offers professional locksmith services for all types of vehicles, including European, Asian, and American. Chicago Car Keys is a member of the Greater Chicago Locksmith Association, and all of its locksmiths are licensed by the State of Illinois to provide automobile locksmith services.

The locksmiths at the commercial Locksmith Chicago IL can install high-security locks and use a master lock for easy entry. If your business has a safe, you should change the combination every time an employee leaves or provides it to a person with the correct authorization. If it is a business with valuables, change the combination often, and only give the combination to people you know. Using high-security locks is an essential way to protect your business.

Whether you are locked out of your car or locked out of your home, a locksmith in Chicago IL can provide the solution you need. A good Chicago locksmith can replace lost or broken locks, and can also provide replacement keys. They can handle the security needs of any business. If you have an emergency situation, a Chicago locksmith will be able to come to your rescue and make sure you don’t endanger your business.

If you have lost or stolen your car key, it’s critical to get it replaced immediately. In many cases, a local locksmith can do this faster than a dealership. In some cases, a dealership may take several days to resolve a key issue and charge you more money than you would expect. If you’re concerned about the cost of a replacement key, you may want to consider a locksmith in Chicago IL.

In addition to residential services, Locksmith Chicago IL also offer commercial services. The Southport Security company offers lock installation and repair for all types of locks and hardware. They specialize in high-security locks and antique hardware. Their locksmiths are certified and bonded to perform any job, no matter how complex. CallOrange is open 24/7, so you can call them anytime to get a lock problem solved. When you need a locksmith in Chicago IL, call CallOrange today. They will be able to respond immediately and provide competitive prices to fit your needs.

Lockouts can also cause stress in your household. Whenever a member of your family or employees leaves your business, you need to change the main lock in order to prevent duplicate keys. A commercial Locksmith Chicago IL can get you access to your property at any time. They can even rekey the lock to make it inaccessible to unauthorized individuals. They can also help you if you’ve misplaced your keys, so your family can go back to work.